2017-07-17 15:06:27 编辑：无 浏览：(439次)
1.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is better to relax by a movie or reading a book than doing physical exercise.
Present-day city-dwellers have already been accustomed to the hustle and bustle of metropolis, plagued by the daily urban commute. Agonizing over endless work and trivia, average citizens have to find some leeway to both relax and let out their pent-up energy. The debate over what is the best solution to eliminating fatigue never fades out of the public arena.
Those who often resort to a movie or a book for the sake of thorough relaxation tend to locate their logic at spiritual enjoyment, as most people, at least the vast majority of brain-workers, are inclined to mental relaxation after a whole-day tiring work. Every time when the curtain of night falls, flopping into an armchair, we are easily amazed by the latest Hollywood blockbuster, with a series of static or dynamic images taking us to a placid island or a tragic battlefield. A complete shift of mood from grave anxiety to great excitement can be achieved merely by a slight click of the mouse, sufficient enough to drag us out of exhaustion and distress. Even a bestseller, despite seeming to be a bit inferior to films in the regard of the relaxing effect, can calm us down and furnish us with a peaceful mind owing to the frequent meditation required in intensive reading. Naturally, such means of taking a break from the stifling daily routines are invariably applauded by many.
However, legions of health experts doubt the above as they have the belief that real relaxation only can be actualized with the presence of both psychological and physiological participation. Loads of past and current academic periodicals, after continuous study and survey, have come to a unanimous conclusion that sweating off dirt in the body proves to be the optimal measure to relax. Such consensus indicates the irreplaceable function of doing physical exercises. To fully release the pressure, a snap glimpse at a movie or a book is far from enough because our physical condition has two integral parts, which means simple mental pleasure can seldom substitute for giving our body a workout to render us sweating. In most cases, non-manual workers may feel better right after sweating themselves by outdoor activities or high-intensity training. In the absence of regular exercises, a large number of nationals live in the state of sub-health, a final result as well as a by-product of insufficient relaxation. Immersed in videos and cartoons, seemingly good ways to relax, the masses are not conscious of delicate changes to their health, which means a lack of physical workout pushes them on the verge of falling ill easily.
To sum up, movies together with books should be regarded as a rewarding and inspiring channel to get us away from fatigue and burden, but we shall not be under the delusion that bursting into laughter virtually equals full bodily liberation, as the two carry the same weight.
2.If your teacher says something incorrect in a class, what will you do? 1. Interrupt your teacher right away 2. Keep silent 3. Correct your teacher after class.
Nowadays, teachers need to complete more demanding teaching assignments and to conduct research studies in order to get promoted or earn higher salaries. Sometimes, it is possible that teachers says something incorrect in class because they are too tired to make sure that every piece of knowledge is presented as they planned before class. In this situation, if students become aware of those errors in class, it is better for them to point those errors out after class instead of interrupting the teachers right away or keeping silent.
To begin with, if we interrupt the teachers right away, it is very likely that the teachers could not end the class on time. Before the class, most teachers need to prepare lesson plans and activities for that class, so that they could follow their teaching schedule and wrap up the course on time. Once we interrupt the teachers in class and point out the errors teachers made, new questions could be elicited. In this situation, teachers might have to answer more questions than they planned. Indeed, experienced teachers would arrange their class in a more flexible way. However, for novice teachers, it is not easy to keep the original schedule and they might fail to wrap the class on time.
Keeping silent is not recommended either. If no one tells the teacher about the errors, students will memorize the incorrect piece of knowledge, which will definitely harm their academic performance. In East Asia, the majority of students belong to the reserved type of learners, which means that they tend to remain silent even if they are aware of the mistakes that teachers make. Moreover, it would be considered as impolite if students point our teachers’ mistakes in a straightforward way in certain cultures, such as Chinese and Japanese. In this situation, students should still let their voice be heard, but they could discuss with the teachers after class, so that they will not feel embarrassed speaking up in class.
The best way to express our opinion and point out the teachers’ mistakes is to discuss with the teachers after class, especially in countries where speaking up loudly is not considered as appropriate. In this way, the teachers will realize their mistakes, and could correct the errors in the next class. More importantly, the teaching schedule in the class will not be influenced and the teachers could finish their lessons in time. In addition, both teachers and students will not feel offended or embarrassed.
Based on the above discussion, compared with interrupting teachers in class or keeping silent, it is more appropriate to save our questions and discuss the questions with teachers after class.
3.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All school teachers should be required to take courses every five years to update their knowledge.
Every subject is constantly developing with the forefront being renewed on a yearly basis, so it is believed that teachers should update their knowledge accordingly. However, asking the teachers to take courses every five years would be inadvisable, since it would be unnecessary for teachers at certain levels of education.
To begin with, it would clearly be quite unnecessary for the primary school teachers, since they only offer basic knowledge, which seldom changes in five years. For example, the basic calculation principles have never changed since they were invented; the basic grammatical rules have also remained almost the same for centuries. Teachers of these subjects obviously do not need to update their knowledge of the subject they are teaching every five years. Besides, subjects such as music and PE are all the more stable, with almost no requirement on new knowledge.
A first sight, it would seem necessary for university professors as they usually have to keep themselves informed of the forefront of their own fields of study. However, the fact is that professors and lecturers attend conferences or seminars, and read newly-published academic articles themselves so as to keep up with the latest development of their field. Taking courses would only waste their time and impair the academic freedom. These teachers would spontaneously seek out information about their field regularly, so it would be unwise to force them to take courses at too long an interval.
In fact, among teachers of different levels of education, only middle school teachers might find it necessary to take such courses. This is because the syllabus and test forms may change regularly and if they are not familiar with the modifications, they may fail to enhance the academic performance of their students. For example, middle school teachers should be fully aware of the reform in SAT writing and teach the students the new skills required; otherwise, their students might be wrongly instructed and score too low in the test, failing to get enrolled in top-notch universities. More often than not, the changes in the syllabus and test forms are subtle but complicated, so assembling the teachers and giving them instructions would lead to a most satisfactory result. In this way, the education bureau can make sure that every teacher understands the changes and that they can teach students more effectively.
In conclusion, although teachers do have to update their knowledge, it is not necessary to require teachers of all levels to take courses every five years.